Orchid Culture

Orchid Growing Basics

The Basics

Orchid Culture

Basic Orchid Information

As assortment of really great articles on the basic orchid information, much of which was originally published in the St. Augustine Orchid Society Newsletter.
What Is an Orchid, Dr. Carl L. Withner, Canadian Orchid Congress
Orchids and Beginners, Dr. Carl L. Withner, Canadian Orchid Congress
Introduction to Orchid Growing, Martin Motes, Motes Orchids
Beginner's Guide to Orchids, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Bringing Home New Orchids,Sue Bottom, SAOS
What Orchid to Choose, Mike Heinz, SAOS
Orchid Plant Parts and Why They Matter, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Understanding Your Plant Tag, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Orchid Toolbox, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Secrets of a Great Orchid Grower, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Evolution of an Orchid Grower, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Top Ten Signs That Your Orchid is Happy, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Orchid Triage,Sue Bottom, SAOS
The Concept of Stress on Plants, Dr. Carl L. Withner, COC
Adaptations to Epiphytic Lifestyle, Sue Bottom, SAOS What's New
Orchid Pests and Diseases

Seasonal Tips

To every thing there is a season. Changes in light, temperature, etc. will affect the way your orchids grow.
Spring into Action, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Hot Humid Summers and Tropical Storms, Sue Bottom, SAOS
More Information on the SAOS Seasons Page...
Orchid Pests and Diseases


Providing your plants with enough of the right kind of light is one of the keys to successfully blooming your orchids.
Light, the Key to Successful Blooming, AOS
Principles of Light, Erik Runkle, AOS
Orchids and Light, Bill Gourley, SAOS
Seasonal Changes in Light, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Importance of Light for Good Orchid Growing, Dr. Carl L. Withner
Orchid Pests and Diseases

Water and Fertilizer

Your water quality affects all aspects of orchid growing, from what orchids you can grow, what fertilizer you should use, even how to water your orchids. Many articles to help you perfect your watering and fertilizer regimen.
The How and Why of Water, AOS
Alkaline Well Water and Fertilizer, Sue Bottom, SAOS
More Information on the SAOS Watering Page...
Orchid Pests and Diseases

Humidity and Air Movement

Humidity and air movement are rather underappreciated aspects of orchid growing. Humidity levels have a direct impact on watering practices, you'll water low during periods of low humidity. Fresh air bathing your orchids makes them very happy.
The Importance of Fresh Air to Orchids, Sue Bottom, SAOS
The Importance of Humidity and Air Movement, AOS
Humidity and Vapor Pressure Deficit - Sue Bottom, SAOS
Orchid Questions and Answers


The temperature sensitivity of different types of orchids is of great interest to outside orchid growers. Day to night temperature changes are also important, cooler nights allow the plant to store more energy reserves for future blooming.
Cold Tolerance of Orchids, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Temperature Ranges, AOS
Orchids Need a Drop in Nighttime Temperatures, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Orchid Potting Mixes

Roots and Potting Mixes

Orchid growers can talk for hours and hours about the benefits of this or that potting mix. Whether you use pots, baskets or mounts, your mission is to make sure that your orchid roots have lots of fresh air around them.
Orchid Roots, Sue Bottom
Orchid Potting Mixes, Sue Bottom
Orchid Potting Media Reviewed, Stephen Batchelor, AOS
Hints on Potting and Potting Media, Leo Holguin, AOS
More Information on the SAOS Repotting Page...
Orchid Pests and Diseases

More Information

The more your learn about orchids, the more you learn there is to learn. How do you propagate orchids? What is an orchid species? What are those hybridizers up to?
Flowering of Orchids, Roberto Lopez and Eric Runkle, AOS
Physiology of Growth and Flowering, Lopez & Runkle, MSU
Propagating Orchids Vegetatively, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Orchid Growth Processes Sue Bottom, SAOS
Apical Dominance and Growth Patterns Sue Bottom, SAOS
Ferns, Weeds and Orchids Do Not Mix, Sue Bottom, SAOS
What is an Orchid Species, Sue Bottom, SAOS
Breeding Improved Species-Selfing & Sib Crosses, Sue Bottom, SAOS
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